Hunger Data >
The following links lead to a variety of excellent data on hunger, poverty, and anti-hunger programs. Use them to learn about needs and resource on the national level and in your own community.
U.S. Department of Agriculture:
- Household Food Security in the United States, 2011—This is the official U.S. Government report that is issued each fall on the state of hunger in America (or food insecurity, as the government terms it). This report is important because the entire anti-hunger world uses it as its baseline for talking about the nature and extent of hunger in America. While healthy debate exists surrounding the methodology USDA uses for this report, it’s important for any hunger fighter to understand how the government measures hunger.
- Food Environment Atlas—This map-based tool provides a comprehensive, county and state-level look at a community’s ability to access healthy food and its success in doing so. There are a large number of filters that can be applied to the map in order to view different aspects of a community’s needs and resources.
Food Research and Action Center (FRAC):
- Food Hardship Data—Using data collected by Gallup, FRAC is able to take a closer look at the prevalence of hunger in America than the USDA report, generating data on food hardship in every Congressional District and 100 metropolitan areas. According to FRAC, food hardship is defined as answering “yes” to the question posed by the Gallup organization to hundreds of thousands of people: “Have there been times in the past twelve months when you did not have enough money to buy food that you or your family needed?”
- Map the Meal Gap—This brand-new study digs down to the county level, examining food insecurity rates, average meal cost, and income levels of food insecure persons. Using this data, Feeding America is able to spotlight the gap between available federal resources and actual need. This is a powerful tool that spotlights both the necessity of the food banking system and the holes in the government’s safety net.
- Hunger Facts—This online tool provides a quick summary of hunger and poverty statistics in the U.S., as well as hunger data specific to various community groups, including: childhood hunger, hunger in the suburbs, rural hunger, senior hunger and the working poor.
- Food Stamp Usage Across the Country—This interactive map, published in November 2009, shows the prevalence of SNAP (formerly known as food stamps) usage in counties across the country in June 2009. While admittedly a snapshot in time, this map provides a strong visual demonstration of the importance of the SNAP program, especially during economically difficult times.